The world is running out of fresh water. Less than 1% of the water on earth is in the form of fresh water that can be used, without major processing, for human consumption, agriculture and industrial needs. Human requirements have outstripped the available supply in many areas of the world such as the Middle East, many parts of Africa, parts of the Southern United States, Central America and Australia.
To supply global demand for potable drinking water and fresh water for agricultural and industrial uses, desalination of brackish water or seawater has become a dominant method. +75,000,000 m3 of water is being desalinated every day in 14,500 plants throughout the world. Because of increasing population and stricter environmental guidelines this daily requirement is expected to grow at a staggering 9.3% per year.